Differentiation Strategies by Carol Ann Tomlinson

Differentiation
“Begin Slowly—Just Begin,” from Differentiated Instruction, by Carol Tomlinson

Low-Prep Differentiation

• Pretests
• Choices of books
• Homework options
• Varied journal prompts
• Varied pacing
• Student-teacher goal setting
• Choice to work alone/together
• Whole-to-part and part-to- whole explanations
• Flexible seating
• Varied computer programs
• Varied supplementary materials
• Options for varied models of expression/products
• Let’s Make A Deal projects
• Computer mentors
• Think-Pair-Share by readiness, learning profile, interest
• Use of collaboration, independence, and cooperation
• Open-ended activities
• Mini-workshops/lessons to extend or reteach skills
• Jigsaw
• Negotiated Criteria
• Explorations by interest, independent studies
• Student-generated Games to practice mastery of information and skill
• Multiple levels of questions


More-Prep Differentiation

• Multiple texts
• Independent studies
• Alternative assessments
• Learning Contracts
• Multiple-Intelligence options
• Varying organizers
• Lectures coupled with graphic organizers
• Community mentorships
• Interest groups
• Interest centers
• Literature Circles
• Choice Boards
• Simulations
• Problem-Based Learning